Children with diabetes have certain rights at school as a result of the Individuals With Disability Education Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. These laws provide for protection against discrimination for children with disabilities, including diabetes. Parents can use these laws to assure that their child with diabetes can fully participate in all school activities while, at the same time, making sure that their medical needs are met. Therefore, while at school, each child with diabetes should be allowed to:

  • Perform blood sugar monitoring
  • Treat low blood sugars as needed
  • Carry treatment for low blood sugar
  • Give (or receive) insulin if indicated
  • Be allowed time for blood sugar checks and eating all meals and snacks
  • Be allowed to fully participate all the same activities children who do not have diabetes participate in

However, children and parents of children with diabetes have responsibilities too. They should:

  1. Fill out Student Information Forms
  2. Provide the school with:
    • Snacks, if required on a regular basis
    • Blood glucose meter and\or supplies, these can be kept at school, or brought daily
  3. The child with diabetes needs to have quick sugar emergency supplies with him/her at all times. He/she should carry something like:
    • Lifesavers
    • Juice
    • Glucose tablets
    • Sweet Tarts
    • small tube cake icing (gel type)
  4. Prepare extra snacks to keep at school in case they are needed. An old lunch box or a shoe box clearly labeled with your child’s name works well as a container. Include snacks such as:
    • Crackers
    • Teddy grahams
    • Peanut butter
    • Granola Bars
    • Raisins
  5. Check with the teacher or health aide weekly to see if items need to be replaced